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The protection can also be improved with Polish ERAWA explosive reactive armor. The 125mm smoothbore cannon has been replaced with a 120mm smoothbore cannon compatible with NATO ammunition and uses a carousel-type autoloader. T-72 Ural (Object 172M) - combat weight of 41 tons and an empty weight of 38.6 tons. [10] Depending exact configuration Polish Army uses PT-91s in 3 variants PT-91, PT-91M and PT-91MA1.[11]. This variant is equipped with newest PCO Drawa-TG fire control system with a thermal sight and modern communication system (Radmor RRC9310 radio, WB Electronics Fonet-IP communication system and Teldat battlefield management system). The Drawa fire control system, developed by Polish engineers, contains the gunner's day sight PCD and the TES thermovision night sight developed by the Israeli company El-Op, the commander's combined day-night passive observation and aiming sight POD-72, a ballistic computer, a laser rangefinder and a data system processing information for the ballistic computer. At the introduction of PT-91, the intention of Polish General Staff was to equip all brigades of 11th Armored Cavalry Division with PT-91, at the time the division had 4 brigades: 10th Armored Cavalry, 15th Armored Cavalry, 17th Mechanized, and 34th Armored Cavalry. Standard equipment includes: crane with telescopic jib that can lift a maximum load of fifteen tonnes, front-mounted stabilizing dozer blade, main and secondary winches. [citation needed] This is an offer for the Polish Army which involves certain modifications of the T-72 and PT-91 tanks. Other improvements include an upgraded fire control system. The Main Battle Tank of the Polish Army is the PT-91 "Twardy", developed from the popular Soviet-era T-72 MBT (T-72M1). The tank would be similar in its design to Merkava (engine at front), and it would feature redesigned engine, transmission and fire control system. In 2002, 10th Armored Cavalry received Leopard 2A4 tanks donated to Poland by Germany, in 2007 the 15th Armored Cavalry was disbanded and the 17th Mechanized received the first KTO Rosomak. ^ a b Zaloga 1993, p. 10 ^ Zaloga, Steven J. While PT-91 from the '90s stays way behind T-72M4CZ, the PT-91M "Pandekar" - does not. High mobility of the T-72 and the PT-91M equipped with the RENK France 1000hp powerpack, including new features like pivot on the spot! An additional problem was the lack of passive night vision aiming systems. PT-91E is a first prototype initially named SP1 (it is the same vehicle as was shown on military parade in Kuala Lumpur in 2005), PT-91Ex is a second prototype named SP2. The T-90 is basically an upgraded T-72. Later it was used as a base to develop the PT-91M. The PT-17's power range includes a S1000R ESM-350M engine and a reinforced suspension. Compare tanks ... T-72; Type: Main battle tank: Main battle tank: Origin: Russia: Russia: Produced: 1992: 1973: Unit cost: 4.5 million $ (T-90MS) 1–2 million $ (2009) More: Description, operators: Description, operators: Specifications. Also currently it is the only mass-produced MBT in Russia. It is the most modern tank currently in service with the Russian Army, which has a requirement for around 1 500 of these tanks. Both new and modernized tanks have the same combat capabilities. While the T-64 was perhaps the world's most advanced battle tank design when introduced, it was too expensive to issue to all the Soviet tank armies, let alone Warsaw Pact (WARPAC) allies. SJ-09 is the driver training vehicle used to train drivers in operating of the vehicle as big and heavy as main battle tank. 2). [30] The Ministry also clarified that no Global Tender was floated since it was a repeat order. The Polish-built tanks, drew upon the design of the T-72, which in turn is Soviet Cold War-era design. [17] There were also plans to modernize 84 Armenian T-72s to PT-72U standard. Erawa's main difference from the Soviet analogs is that Erawa's containers fit almost without gaps while on the Soviet modernized T-72 gaps reach 10–15 mm noticeably decreasing defense effectiveness. The first design proposed by the bureau was code-named Wilk (Polish for wolf), but the project was canceled. Although PT-91M2's PT-91M2 modernization objectives are the same as PT-17, the range of PT-91M2 varies considerably. ... More modern derivatives include the Polish PT-91 Twardy. While it might be a remote possibility, it would be a very interesting match up. Instead, the priority was shifted to a different project named Twardy. Several countries, including Russia and Ukraine, also offer modernization packages for older T-72s. ^ Jane's International Defence Review 7/1997, pg. Development variant with PZL-Wola S-1000 1,000 hp engine with mechanic transmission and number of other minor changes. Georgian army upgraded T-72SIM-1 tanks are using Drawa-T fire control system, a development of the fire control system on PT-91. The modernized tank's increased weight led the developers to add a more powerful engine. Two prototypes made (renamed PT-91E and PT-91Ex), 48 serial PT-91M Malaj vehicles produced 2007–2009.[6][13]. After the political changes of 1989 and the dissolution of the Soviet bloc, Polish-Soviet talks on purchase of modern tanks came to a halt and the design of a new Polish tank gained momentum. The vehicle did not enter mass production.[19]. Hull protection provides the ERAWA III reactive armor and rod armor at the rear of the chassis. OBRUM's competing project had new front and sides reactive armor and L-44 main gun. Így a T-72A és M semmilyen módon nem alakítható át B-vé, ennek jelentősége a PT-91 és T-72M3 kialakításában döntő volt. For the conductor, see, PT-91M "Pendekar" of Malaysian Army on display, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – November 2007 page 15 – Pokaz "Malaja" i CV90120-T na Drawsku – by Andrzej Kliński, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – May 2008 page 22 – Odmłodzona Drawa – by Andrzej Kliński, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – September 2007 page 14 – Jak można zmodernizować Twardego? The successful conversion convinced the General Staff that similar modernization could also be applied to other Soviet-designed tanks made in Poland and used by the Polish Armed Forces. The T-72 is a family of Soviet main battle tanks that first entered production in 1971. However, initially, the work progressed at a very slow pace, mainly because the Polish General Staff was also considering the purchase of a newer version of T-72 (T-72S) or the modern T-80. The PT-91 represents a 50-ton armored combat vehicle with a low-profile, an autoloader reducing the crew to three and a formidable 125mm main gun. - by Tomasz Begier and Dariusz Użycki, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – October 2005 page 9 – Pierwsza prezentacja "Malaja" - by Andrzej Kliński, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – April 2009 page 16 – Twardy na wystawie w Peru – by Andrzej Kliński, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – September 2008 page 16 - "Wuzetka" dla Malzezji – by Andrzej Kliński, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – September 2008 page 26 – Most samochodowy MS-20, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – November 2004 page 20 – Polska w rejestrze uzbrojenia konwencjonalnego ONZ – by Jarosław Ciślak, Nowa Technika Wojskowa – February 2009 page 10 – Malaj na finiszu – by Andrzej Kliński, https://web.archive.org/web/20070205074712/http://www.bumar.gliwice.pl/eng/index.php, https://web.archive.org/web/20080907063643/http://www.bumar.com/en, Altair – PT-91P popłynął na SITDEF Peru 2009, "Peru army plans arms purchase, tests Chinese tanks", "The new PT-72U main battle tank for urban operations at MSPO 2011", "PT-16 Main Battle Tank | Military-Today.com", "More Armored Recovery Vehicles for Indian Army", "Бронетехника в грузино-осетинском конфликте август 2008 – 0001.htm", PT-91 Twardy main battle tank Polish Defense industry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=PT-91_Twardy&oldid=987316948, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 6.95 m (9.67 with barrel in forward position), composite armour; front and side armor laminated; front, side and top armor behind Erawa-1/Erawa-2 ERA, steel side anti-cumulative screens, Centrum Szkolenia Wojsk Lądowych (Land Forces Training Center) –, 15 Wielkopolska Brygada Kawalerii Pancernej (15th Armored Cavalry Brigade, 17 Wielkopolska Brygada Zmechanizowana (17th Mechanized Brigade) –, This page was last edited on 6 November 2020, at 07:14. The PT-91 has a thermosmoke device generating smoke screens from fuel and 24 grenade launchers fitted with smoke, anti-personnel frag or tear gas grenades developed specifically to provide a non-lethal protection against football hooliganism. Despite the efforts of the greatest correspondence with the reality, there is no guarantee, that all the data is true. Iran vs Saudi Arabia. (Goryl is Polish for Gorilla) – project of a Polish main battle tank designed using experience gained on PT-91 project. This caused a noticeable decrease in the tank's road endurance. Currently Russian Army operates around 750 - 1 000 of these MBTs of all variants. The turret was also equipped with stabilized sight-and-sight optics, GOC-1 Nike and GOD-1 Iris from PCO S.A and BMS. The car's armament is supplemented by a 7.62 mm caliber machine gun and a remotely mounted ZSMU-1276 armament module manufactured by Zakłady Mechaniczne "Tarnów" S.A. (Z for Zmodernizowany – literally Modernized) Further development with SAGEM Savan-15 fire control system; according to live fire tests Savan-15 has an only minor advantage in accuracy over Drawa. India opted to acquire the T-90 in response to numerous delays in the production of the domestically developed Arjun main battle tank, and to counter Pakistani deployment of the Ukrainian-made T-84 tanks in 1995–97. Additional armament comprises the 7.62 mm PKT coaxial general-purpose machine gun and 12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft heavy machine gun. Направили су нову, нижу куполу, а модел су назвали pt-91. The Gepard (Polish for Cheetah), sometimes known as PT-2001, is another modification project of a Polish main battle tank prepared as future modernisation programme for T-72 family, the programme was called for, as first PT-91 proposition fell below requirements. From base modification, it differs in increased protection, fire control system and engine. Among the chassis, equipment included the auxiliary power generator (APU), the modernized rotary car charger, the night vision driver PNK-72 "Radomka" and the night-time reversing camera PCO KDN-1 Nyks. In October 2011, Indian Defense Ministry announced that the state-owned BEML will produce an additional 204 WZT-3 armored recovery vehicles – taking the total till 2011 to 556 vehicles. kct, Sep 7, 2017 #12. razer666L, lordvad3r95, Another_idoit and 1 other person like this. Upgrades include improved armor, armament, and mobility. The PZA (Przeciwlotniczy Zestaw Artyleryjski, meaning "AA Artillery System"; “Loara” means “Loire” in Polish) is an armored self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery system developed in the late 1990s. There are two Erawa modifications: Erawa-1 and -2, differing in weight of the explosives. Two propositions were submitted, one by Bumar which provided a project with modified frontal armor, different mortar and sporting Leclerc–like a turret with the 2A46 main gun. Indian MoD looks to close deal for 100 modified K-9 self-propelled howitzers It was widely exported and saw service in 40 countries and in numerous conflicts. Its main gun have been changed to a ZTS 2A46MS 125 mm gun, a 7.62 mm FN MAG coaxial machine gun and a 12.7 mm FN Browning M2 HB AA machine gun. Soviet doctrine with regards to armor greatly differed with the emphasis of of tanks used en-masse. It is a 12-cylinder S-12U diesel engine, a modernized version of the Soviet V-46-6 produced in Warsaw by PZL-Wola (850 hp instead of 780). Units were the 10th Armored Cavalry Brigade, 15th Armored Cavalry Brigade, 17th Mechanized Brigade and 34th Ar… The T-72 is a family of Soviet main battle tanks that first entered production in 1971. All these changes allowed the reallocation of PT-91s to other divisions, replacing the oldest T-72s. Iran vs Saudi Arabia. Turkey vs Russia. The radar system can also be operated on the move, refreshing its data every second. The T-90 was selected because it is a direct development of the T-72 that India already manufactures with 60% logistics commonality with T-90 simplifying training and maintenance. Significant, the PT-91M2 demonstrated SAVAN-15 French fire control system (SAVAN-15) from Safran (previously used in PT-91M tanks in Malaysia). T-72B (Object 184) - combat weight of 44.5 tons with Kontakt-1 or Kontakt-5 ERA, and a combat weight of 43 tons without ERA. The basic aim of the conversion of T-72 was to adapt it to the reality of modern warfare and fix its most visible deficiencies. All rights reserved. The vehicle itself is a tank chassis that have turret replaced with instructor station. Various versions of the T-72 have been in production for decades, and the specifications for its armor haave changed considerably. [10] The first 20 initial production vehicles were delivered to Polish Land Forces in 1993–1994 with another 78 full-scale production vehicles delivered 1995–1997, 135 modernized T-72M1 tanks (made in late 80s) delivered 1998–2002. T-72 là xe tăng chiến đấu chủ lực của Liên Xô, được sản xuất vào năm 1971 và ra mắt vào năm 1977.Mặc dù có hình dạng rất giống T-64, T-72 thực ra được phát triển từ T-62 và có trang bị thêm những chi tiết kỹ thuật từ T-64. The sighting of the ballistic computer depends on the target's speed, weather conditions, projectile temperature, and projectile type. The PT-91 Pendekar was in the colonel's opinion ill-suited for Malaysian Armed Forces doctrine. Rejimen ke-11 KAD is the sole user of PT-91M in the Malaysian Army. 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