This state of the art assessment comes from a … When writing about climate change, scientists are often challenged with focusing on either specific academic audiences or more general readers. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) 10: Energy, Water, and Land). You’ve run out of free articles. At-risk communities in the Midwest are becoming more vulnerable to climate change impacts including flooding, drought, and increases in urban heat islands. As our Illinois climate continues to warm, we’ll see even more extreme rain events. Â Heavy downpours are already common, but climate change is expected to intensify storms and lead to greater precipitation across the entire region during this century. Climate change will also exacerbate a range of risks to the Great Lakes. As the climate crisis heats up, flooded farms in the Midwest can’t plant corn. 5: Transportation. Impacts are already being felt in the forests, in agriculture, in the Great Lakes and in our urban centers,” said Scavia, director of the Graham Sustainability Institute and special counsel to the U-M president on sustainability issues.  USGCRP (2014).Â Luber, G., K. Knowlton, J. Balbus, H. Frumkin, M. Hayden, J. Hess, M. McGeehin, N. Sheats, L. Backer, C. B. The Midwest is not immune to climate change. Â Heat stress is likely to increase in the future as a result of continued rises in temperatures and humidity in this region, resulting in more heat-related deaths and illnesses. Climate change will also exacerbate a range of risks to the Great Lakes. In rare instances, authors and editors can meet the needs of both groups. Gene Takle, professor … Global Change Research Program, 130-149. Dan Hughes grows corn, wheat, pinto beans, millet, and yellow peas on his family farm near Venango, a tiny town on the far western edge of Nebraska. Â Drinking water quality may also decline as a result of heavier rainfall events (see Water Resources section). All rights reserved. May 30, 2019. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, "All regions of Ohio have warmed." Source: USGCRP (2009).  USGCRP (2014).Â Hatfield, J., G. Takle, R. Grotjahn, P. Holden, R. C. Izaurralde, T. Mader, E. Marshall, and D. Liverman, 2014:Â Ch. The Midwest is home to more than 61 million people that largely reside in cities, including Chicago, Indianapolis, Detroit, Milwaukee, Kansas City, Cleveland, Minneapolis, and St. Paul. For example, in 2019 some areas saw between 200-600 percent the historical normal amount of precipitation. “The United States is not losing the climate change conversation on the coasts,” said Rolf Nordstrom, CEO of the Great Plains Institute. Global Change Research Program. Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. “We have to be very thoughtful about how we talk about climate change,” said Jesse Kharbanda, executive director of the Hoosier Environmental Council. United States Department of Commerce. Some of these areas, already among the … In contrast, moose may become physiologically stressed in response to warming, and increasing deer populations spreading disease … The site contains information that will help educators and students gain a deeper understanding of climate science and the implications for the nation. My conversation with Hughes was one of a series that New America’s Resource Security team engaged in over the past year with a variety of people around the country who work on climate-related issues every day. The annual mean temperature in Ohio has increased by about 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit (.7 degrees Celsius) since 1895. Despite unknown climate impacts, irrigated agriculture is expanding in the Midwest United States, where unconfined aquifers provide groundwater to support crop production on coarse soils. And while the Midwest is maybe not quite the manufacturing powerhouse it once was, it still produces most of the cars and auto parts made in the United States, among other goods. Global Change Research Program, Climate Change in the Midwest examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on the eight states that make up the region. For more information and to RSVP, visit the New America website. Difficult to plant. Midwest flood damage in recent years has elicited debate among citizens, city and regional planners, and state and federal government officials on the role of changing climate conditions, and one aspect of the discussion is whether rebuilding should encompass an additional goal of adapting flood protection measures to withstand higher frequency and greater severity of floods under the anticipation of … Warmer temperatures and decreasing snowpack in the region favor survival of white‐tailed deer. In the Midwest, climate change is expected to negatively affect human health in a variety of ways and exacerbate existing health challenges. Â USGCRP (2014).Â Projected Mid-Century Temperature Changes in the Midwest. Prizes for each submission category. Yet environmental advocates in the Midwest say they can’t even use the term climate change if they want to work with state legislatures. Fortunately, the university system in the United States has reservoirs of talent and research that do both globally significant and locally relevant climate and disaster resilience research in every state, including the Midwest. As climate change bites in America’s midwest, farmers are desperate to ring the alarm Richard Oswald stands in a frozen puddle surrounded by … The other track should use the national bully pulpit and tools, be unflinching about the scientific realities, and empower local champions, including the private sector, universities, governments, and people of color, to talk openly about climate change in their communities. Â Diseases may increase as temperature and moisture conditions become more favorable for disease spread and range expansion. By Letters to the Editor Jan 4, 2020, 7:00am CST Because climate change may alter populations and harvest dynamics of key species in the region, midwestern states have identified the effects of climate change on ungulates as a priority research area. “Climate change impacts in the Midwest are expected to be as diverse as the landscape itself. Â Heavy downpours are already common, but climate change is expected to intensify storms and lead to greater precipitation across the entire region during this century. Risks to human health are expected to rise with warmer temperatures, reduced air quality, and increased allergens. The Midwest’s agricultural lands, forests, Great Lakes, industrial activities, and cities are all vulnerable to climate variability and climate change. Many communities N The Midwest is projected to experience higher temperatures, increased precipitation, and more frequent and intense storms. “The Midwest may actually experience migration into the region because of climate change,” Maria Carmen Lemos, a Midwest chapter author … With all of that manufacturing and agriculture come greenhouse gases; the Midwest produces one-quarter of the country’s emissions. New America, and As climate change bites in America’s midwest, farmers are desperate to ring the alarm Richard Oswald stands in a frozen puddle surrounded by unharvested corn. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) If the rate of emissions is lowered, however, projections show the changes will be significantly less. Annual precipitation has already risen by as much as 20% in some areas. What’s more certain, NOAA states, is that climate change is causing the jetstream to move toward the pole. Slate, Climate change will hit the South and Midwest the hardest. In general, climate change will tend to amplify existing climate-related risks to people, ecosystems, and infrastructure in the Midwest (Ch. We conducted a literature review of projected climate change in the Midwest and the potential effects on white‐tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and moose (Alces alces). Advancing Climate Change Solutions The Midwest is ground zero in the battle against climate change, and ELPC is working to accelerate smart solutions. First Place: $1,500; Second Place: $1,000 Effects of climate change in Ohio Temperature. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment. Â However, less ice cover could benefit commerce if the shipping season lengthens. Climate reporter. As Climate Change Threatens Midwest’s Cultural Identity, Cities Test Ways to Adapt. According to the most recent U.S. National Climate Assessment, released by the Trump administration in 2018, climate change will mean increases in extreme heat, humidity, soil erosion, rainfall, and flooding across the region. Tom Linebarger, CEO of the Indiana-based Fortune 500 company Cummins, said that he takes climate change seriously, both for moral reasons and as a matter of good business. 6: Agriculture. Just as the Midwest became a political battleground that national candidates ignore at their peril, this region will be crucial to the success of any national climate change plan. Natural ecosystems in the Midwest are being altered by the combined effects of climate change, land-use change, and an influx of invasive species. Climate change may intensify other stresses on urban dwellers and vegetation, including increased atmospheric pollution, heat island effects, a highly variable water cycle, and frequent exposure to new pests and diseases. ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MIDWEST NORTHE NORTHEAT fisheries. Temperature increase in the Midwest has accelerated in recent decades, particularly nighttime and winter temperatures. This figure shows the average maximum ice coverage by decade between 1963 and 2013. Midwest farmers will be increasingly challenged by warmer, wetter and more humid conditions from climate change, which also will lead to greater incidence of crop disease and more pests … 33 The remnants of intact natural ecosystems in the region, 34 including prairies, forests, streams, and wetlands, are rich with varied species. So, while local solutions and perceptions are the key to success with climate change, the Midwest, like other regions, can’t always be left to its own devices. Future Tense As St. Louis Alderman Lewis Reed said, “When you look at a lot of climate issues and sustainability issues, we also need to talk about social and economic justice because it all plays together. Another set of lawmakers automatically associate the [term] with government overreach, higher energy prices, and misguided subsidies.”. Can We Convince the Sleeping Brain to Process Our Problems? At the national level, a center-out strategy should follow two tracks. The growing risks of dangerously hot weather More than a quarter of the U.S. population is expected to deal with sub-zero temperatures this week. However, observational studies of irrigation-induced climate change are lacking in temperate, humid regions throughout North America and Europe. Minnesota Department of Health- Climate and Health: Water Quality and Quantity Climate change may impact Minnesota’s water quality and quantity by increasing precipitation, decreasing … You can cancel anytime. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) . But even if Kharbanda and his colleagues can’t say climate change in the Midwest, they can still deal with it. Â The rate of increase in temperature has accelerated in recent decades, particularly nighttime and winter temperatures. Competition judges are being assembled from participating Midwest Climate Summit campuses. Winter ice cover in the Great Lakes has changed in recent decades. This region will likely experience warmer and wetter winters, springs with heavy precipitation, and hotter summers with longer dry periods. Presentation by Dr. Dan Vimont for the Climate Change and Midwest Agriculture: Impacts, Challenges, & Opportunities workshop held by the USDA Midwest Climate H… , Winter ice cover in the Great Lakes has changed in recent decades. Here’s the spring 2020 outlook. Midwestern temperatures are expected to continue rising. , The Midwest has gotten warmer, with average annual temperatures increasing over the last several decades.  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