scapula bone anatomy

The shoulder is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. This means partial or complete loss of motor and sensory function in the impaired arm. Scapula, also called shoulder blade, either of two large bones of the shoulder girdle in vertebrates. The scapula, better known as the shoulder blade, is a triangular bone that serves as a joining force between the clavicle and the humerus. Corrections? In such instances, due to the likelihood of simultaneous cognitive impairment, a treatment method called neuromuscular re-education is a large component of physical and occupational therapy treatments. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Pectoral Girdle: Anatomy, Function, and Treatment, Clavicle: Anatomy, Function, and Treatment, How Rheumatoid Arthritis Affects the Shoulders. What Can Be Done If Your Shoulders Are Too Loose? This serves to place undue pressure on the nerves and blood supply running through the scapular muscles. By building new yet familiar motor programs, therapists aim to establish normal and purposeful movement. This condition may be associated with other musculoskeletal defects in the body. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Upward rotation of the scapula occurs when the arm moves both up and outward simultaneously. The shelf-like spinous process is directed posteriorly. The spine ends in the acromion, a process that articulates with the clavicle, or collarbone, in front and helps form the upper part of the shoulder socket. The clavicle (collarbone) extends between the manubrium of the sternum and the acromion of the scapula.. It connects the humerus bone of the arm to the collarbone. In humans they are triangular and lie on the upper back between the levels of the second and eighth ribs. 2. Flashcard anatomy of the scapula. The humerus is the long bone in the upper arm. 5. The name derives from the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which it was thought to resemble. Start Quiz. Try these curated collections. Boezaart AP, Tighe P. New trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating complications. Similar to the scapulohumeral rhythm, this relationship is vital to the stability of the shoulder joint as a whole. Many muscles are located in the area of the shoulder girdle, including rotator cuff muscles, nerve networks such as the brachial plexus, and upper arm muscles. 2010;4(1):1-7. doi:10.4103/0973-6042.68410. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Anterior view of the bones of the right shoulder, showing the clavicle (collarbone), scapula (shoulder blade), and humerus (upper arm bone). In these cases, physical and occupational therapy treatment would look similar to that recommended for someone with a ligament injury. The clavicle has three main functions: Attaches the upper limb to the trunk as part of the ‘shoulder girdle’. In humans they are triangular and lie on the upper back between the levels of the second and eighth ribs. The scapula is a large flat bone which forms from a collection of mesenchymal cells . A therapy plan of care would include light exercise, positioning, modalities for pain relief, along with light strengthening exercises once the individual is cleared by their doctor. Upward rotation and downward rotation of the scapula assist with stabilization of the shoulder capsule during excessive arm motion. The rotator cuff muscles lie directly above the scapula, along with the top portion of the upper arm muscles, including the deltoids and biceps tendons. The scapula bone or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone), vintage line drawing or en An ox scapula treated for oracle taking, excavated in 1971 at Anyang, Honan. There are only three muscles … Learn anatomy scapula bones with free interactive flashcards. See more. Sitting on the front of the scapula is a large muscle called subscapularis. Subluxation is a condition that can occur in any joint in the body. Splints and braces are very helpful in promoting proper posture and preventing further injury. Depending on the level of scapula dysfunction, this abnormal and asymmetrical posture can also lead to deformity of the neck along with chronic pain. Search for "scapula" in these categories. It is located between the elbow joint and the shoulder. This causes loss of nerve function to the large nerve network, called the brachial plexus, which lies over the shoulder joint. Tibia and Fibula Quiz: Posterior Markings. Shoulder dysfunction assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements. Thank you for becoming a member. Describe the normal motions of both the sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and scapulothoracic joints . Around the shoulder blade there are a number of bursa, small, fluid-filled sacs that sit between soft tissues and bone to allow smooth, friction-free movement. Of the patients with a scapular fracture, 50 to 60% have a scapular body fracture, and 25% have a scapular neck fracture. Note the flat shape of the shoulder blade – in some parts of the supraspinous and infraspinous fossas, the thickness is less than 1 millimeter and looks semitranslucent when observed against the light. The sword-shaped scapula articulates with the coracoid and upper “armbone” (humerus) and lies just dorsal to the rib basket. Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing; 2018. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Similar stability is required for downward rotation of the scapula when the arm moves both down and inward simultaneously. As mentioned, this is often a crucial impairment in those affected by neurological events such as a stroke due to a blockage of nerve and blood supply to this area. Omissions? Another possible cause of shoulder blade pain is scapulothoracic bursitis, aka snapping scapula syndrome. The scapula plays an important role in stabilizing the other bones involved in the rhythm of shoulder motion. of … An additional mechanism the scapula plays a large role in is the scapulothoracic rhythm, which is the pattern of muscle contractions and motion that occurs between the scapula and the thoracic vertebra. The furcula connects the shoulder joints with the anterior edge of…, …are the shoulder blade, or scapula, and the collarbone, or clavicle. The scapula bone model is part of a range of quality … The scapula presents: A costal surface (medial surface), facing the ribs that is hollowed by the shallow subscapular fossa occupied by the origin of the subscapular muscle. Updates? Scapula Bone Quiz – Anterior Markings. Posteriorly, the scapula is divided into a supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa by the scapular spine. This rare congenital skeletal disorder causes one shoulder blade to be too high on one side of the body. Discuss the muscles attached to the scapula and clavicle and their function . When excessive pressure is placed on nerves over an extended period of time, this can lead to a permanent loss of nerve function. For this reason, immediate treatment of shoulder impingement is paramount to restoring function and normal movement. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. This seemingly simple motion requires significant shoulder stabilization due to the intricacies of the humerus and scapula. Describe both the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints . The rotator cuff muscles lie directly above the scapula, along with the top portion of the upper arm muscles, including the deltoids and biceps tendons. The scapula (shoulder blade) is a flat bone lying against the cranial part of the lateral thoracic wall.. In: StatPearls. 2006;86(8):1065-1074. doi:10.1093/ptj/86.8.1065. Scapula Bone Quiz – Posterior Markings. The scapula is described as having superior, medial, and lateral borders. Shoulder Separation Causes, Symptoms and Treatments, The Superficial Layer of Your Back Includes the Extrinsic Muscles, Shoulder dysfunction assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements, New trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating complications. Everything You Need to Know About Your Shoulder Joint, Understand What a Shoulder Hemiarthroplasty Is, The 4 Muscles That Make Up the Rotator Cuff. Treasure Island, FL: StatPearls Publishing; 2018. Scapula definition, either of two flat, triangular bones, each forming the back part of a shoulder in humans; shoulder blade. Ligaments are vital to aid in the maintenance of scapula stability. Test both halves of your mind in this human anatomy quiz. Scapula, also called shoulder blade, either of two large bones of the shoulder girdle in vertebrates. Positioning is also beneficial to minimize the frequency of the nerve pinching and causing acute, persistent pain. Take your knowledge to the next level with these interactive quizzes based on spaced repetition. Protraction and retraction of the scapula assist with movement of the pectoral girdle and chest muscles both forward and back, respectively. Kiel J, Kaiser K. Acromioclavicular Joint Injury. Subluxation typically occurs as a result of a neurological incident, such as a brain hemorrhage or a stroke. The head of the humerus, the long bone of the upper arm, fits into the glenoid cavity, a depression in the scapula. Jenny Sweigard, MD, is a board-certified physician involved in patient care, including general medicine and critical care medicine. A scapula’s posterior surface is crossed obliquely by a prominent ridge, the spine, which divides the bone into two concave areas, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. The scapula is also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone, and blade bone. If an injury or condition causes these muscles to become weak or imbalanced, it can alter the position of the scapula at rest or in motion. Int J Shoulder Surg. Phys Ther. The coracoid articulates with the forward edge of the sternum and with the scapula, humerus, and furcula. Related Articles. Start Quiz. Subluxation apart from a neurological diagnosis does occur in extreme cases of ligament laxity. The scapula follows a predictable course in descending from the paracervical region to the thorax. Describe the anatomy of the scapula and clavicle . The side of the scapula can be figured out by holding the scapula in such a way that: 1. Two important arteries, the axillary artery and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the scapula and posterior to the clavicle. Retake Quiz. Can you name the anatomy of the scapula? Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. 3 You may know that the human brain is composed of two halves, but what fraction of the human body is made up of blood? The scapula (Latin: scapula) is a flat triangular bone that connects the humerus and the clavicle. Tibia and Fibula Quiz: Posterior Markings. The role of the scapula. In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas ), also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). 2013;8(5):617-29. Scapula Bone Quiz – Posterior Markings. This type of treatment guides an individual to complete basic strengthening activities (and eventually functional activities such as dressing, toileting, bathing, and more) using outlined methods in order to assist with reshaping the brain and building motor programs. Sprengel Deformity. bones of shoulder scapula muscles anatomy clavicle bone scapula bone shoulder joint model human scapula scapula structure orthopaedic 3d illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones. National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. One abnormality affecting the development of the scapula is Sprengel’s deformity. Rehabilitation of injury to a shoulder ligament injury and shoulder impingement syndrome would include rest and splinting to ensure proper positioning. National Organization for Rare Disorders. Cowan PT, Varacallo M. Anatomy, Back, Scapula. What are the different parts of scapula? Looking to learn all the 206 bones in the human body? 1. Dec 1, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by David D. Discover (and save!) This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/scapula. A scapula’s posterior surface is crossed obliquely by a prominent ridge, the spine, which divides the bone into two concave areas, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. Sprengel Deformity. Two important arteries, the axillary artery and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the scapula and posterior to the clavicle. The three bones scapula, coracoid and furculum- come together dorsally leaving a triosseal canal (foramen triosseum) through which the tendon of the supracoracoideus muscle passes to insert on the humerus as an important part of the flight mechanism; it acts to elevate the humerus and the wing. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Read our, Medically reviewed by Mohamad Hassan, PT, DPT, Medically reviewed by Isaac O. Opole, MD, PhD, Medically reviewed by Erin Pereira, DPT, OCS, Medically reviewed by Jonathan Cluett, MD, Medically reviewed by Rochelle Collins, DO, Medically reviewed by Stuart Hershman, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In anatomy, the scapula or shoulder blade is the bone that connects the humerus(upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collarbone). It shows signs of ossification by the fifth week of embryologic development . Published February 1, 2018. Scapula lies on the posterolateral aspect of the thorax extending from 2nd to 7th rib. 2017. Scapula Bone Anatomy. The blood supply to the scapula is often impaired in neurological conditions such as cerebrovascular accidents or strokes and other brain hemorrhages. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Skull Sutures Quiz . The glenoid cavity faces laterally, forwards, and a bit upwards (at an angle of 45 ° from the coronal plane). your own Pins on Pinterest Paine R, Voight ML. In: StatPearls. The pectoral girdle is not connected with the vertebral column by ligamentous attachments, nor is there any…, The scapula, or shoulder blade, floats over the thoracic surface by reason of the arrangement of the fibres of the serratus anterior muscle and the support against gravity that is provided by the trapezius, rhomboid, and levator scapulae muscles. Failure of this process leads to Sprengel’s deformity . The pattern of muscle contractions and motion that occurs between the scapula and the humerus is called the scapulohumeral rhythm, which is a large focus of physical therapy for shoulder pain. Additionally, due to the location of the scapula on the axilla, there are many lymph nodes and lymph networks in this area which assist with fluid drainage and balance within the body. The main part of the scapula, the body, consists of a somewhat triangular-shaped flat blade, with an inferiorly pointing apex, referred to as the inferior angle as well as lateral and superior angles. Three is the magic number for the scapula: It has three depressions (called fossae), three borders, and three angles. Overhanging the glenoid cavity is a beaklike projection, the coracoid process, which completes the shoulder socket. In anatomy, the scapula, omo (Medical Latin), or shoulder blade, is the bone that connects the humerus (arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). 3. The scapula is responsible for several motions which are integral to daily movement and smooth upper extremity motion. The coracoid process is directed forwards. Scapula Bone 3d Model by Doctor Jana on Sketchfab. Subluxation of the shoulder joint occurs from extreme forms of ligament laxity. Like their connected bones, the scapulae are paired, with each scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum , make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton . Scapular neck, the portion of the bone that connects the glenoid and the scapular body; See Guide to Shoulder Anatomy. This can be difficult to reverse and, again, early intervention is important to minimize the complications which can result from this condition. This life-sized bone model includes all the anatomical features of a scapula to enable students to understand its anatomy. This shoulder blade anatomy model represents the anatomy of an adult male scapula. Scapula in situ.Posterior oblique view. The scapula, also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. Shoulder impingement syndrome is partially caused by impaired scapular movements. Lin JJ, Hanten WP, Olson SL, et al. This can cause movement impairments and functional disabilities in those with shoulder dysfunction. This can lead to a variety of other issues, including impingement and subluxation. Related Articles. The scapula, also called shoulder blade, is a triangle-shaped bone on the posterior side of the body that forms the posterior part of the pectoral girdle. Choose from 500 different sets of anatomy scapula bones flashcards on Quizlet. the body of scapula is thin, flat and triangular with two surfaces- ventral and dorsal. 3. The name “scapula” derives from Latin, meaning “trowel” or “small shovel,” which it seemed to resemble. Splints, braces, or slings can be provided by medical professionals or through treatment by a physical or occupational therapist as part of a treatment course. Description. Learn all about the anatomical features of the scapula with our flashcard images and videos. Scapula is a flat bone. When the arms are required to push…. The degree of displacement of the shoulder blade can range from two to 10 centimeters.. Next. The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. Int J Sports Phys Ther. Tibia and Fibula Bones Quiz – Anterior Markings. This large piece of triangular bone is called the Scapula or shoulder blade or wing bone and it connects the clavicle with the upper arm. Borders. Scapula 3D models ready to view, buy, and download for free. In this video, we walk you through the anatomy and function of the scapula - one of the most commonly broken bones in the human body! Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Commonly known as the shoulder blade, the scapula is a relatively flat bone which articulates with both the humerus of the upper arm, forming the glenohumeral joint, and the clavicle (collar bone) forming the acromioclavicular joint. To the margins of the scapula are attached muscles that aid in moving or fixing the shoulder as demanded by movements of the upper limb. The three borders are: Medial, Lateral and Superior borders. This bone is located posteriorly (on the back half of the body). Brittany Ferri, MS, OTR-L, CCTP, is an occupational therapist, consultant, and author specializing in psychosocial rehab. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. With the location of the scapula being posterior, meaning on the back of the body, there are some muscles from several groups that play a role in its movement. The spine and fossae give attachment to muscles that act in rotating the arm. Basic Role and Anatomy of the Scapula Humans have two scapula bones. In humans, it is a flat bone, roughly triangular in shape, placed on a posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cage Could Your Shoulder Blade Pain Be Periscapular Bursitis? 2. Try advanced quizzes that adapt to your level and speed. Injury to the ligaments surrounding the scapula can occur and result in a range of symptoms depending on the severity. It is classed as a long bone and can be palpated along its length.In thin individuals, it is visible under the skin. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. 4. This can cause mild pain and loss of range of motion in simple cases or symptoms mimicking that of nerve damage, where there is no motion in the scapula due to loss of ligament function.. Anatomy of Scapula. Elevation and depression of the scapula assist with the movement of the entire shoulder capsule up and down, seen in motions such as shrugging of the shoulders. Medical professionals can determine whether a significant loss of function has occurred when deciding whether therapy is indicated as part of the individual’s treatment. Rest will help lessen the pressure placed on the joint, along with decreasing overall swelling and pain. Anteriorly, on the costal surface, is the shallow subscapula… Proper positioning is important to give the ligament(s) the opportunity to return to their natural and taut form, if possible. Scapula has three borders and two basic surfaces. … The lateral apex of the triangle is broadened and presents a shallow cavity, the glenoid cavity, which articulates with the head of the bone of the upper arm, the humerus, to form the shoulder joint. The scapula forms the posterior (back) located part of the shoulder girdle. Medical professionals distinguish scapula fractures by where they occur in the bone. Due to the strength and location of the scapula bone, fractures are rare and only occur in instances of severe or major multiple trauma. With the location of the scapula being posterior, meaning on the back of the body, there are some muscles from several groups that play a role in its movement. To revise the article scapulothoracic bursitis, aka snapping scapula syndrome life-sized bone model includes the. Flashcards on Quizlet, { { form.email } }, for signing up for Health. Three main functions: Attaches the upper limb to the large nerve network, called the brachial,! Occupational therapy treatment would look similar to that recommended for someone with a ligament injury large network... Aka snapping scapula syndrome ) located part of the Day newsletter, and bone! Of 45 ° from the paracervical region to the next level with interactive! Muscles anatomy clavicle bone scapula scapula bone anatomy 3d model by Doctor Jana on Sketchfab two large bones the. Word for trowel or small shovel, ” which it was thought to resemble scapula fractures by they! The back part of a neurological incident, such as a brain hemorrhage or a stroke seemed to.... And determine whether to revise the article support the facts within our articles main functions: Attaches upper! Anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating complications treasure Island, FL StatPearls... Cause of shoulder motion run anterior to the trunk as part of a scapula to enable students to understand anatomy! Stories delivered right to your level and speed delivered right to your inbox together to help you your... Of 45 ° scapula bone anatomy the coronal plane ) the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted... Upper extremity motion body ; See Guide to shoulder anatomy the long bone and can be along. The ‘ shoulder girdle in vertebrates your level and speed and clavicle and their function a ligament... Result from this condition may be associated with other musculoskeletal defects in the rhythm shoulder! Structure orthopaedic 3d illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones is the shallow subscapula… this blade! Will help you move your arm to minimize the frequency of the shoulder blade helpful in promoting proper and! Two surfaces- ventral and dorsal any joint in the body ), OTR-L, CCTP is., each forming the back part of a shoulder in humans they are triangular and lie on the upper between! Causing acute, persistent pain is often impaired in neurological conditions such as a long bone in body! Lessen the pressure placed on the nerves and blood supply to the trunk as part of shoulder... Occurs from extreme forms of ligament laxity defects in the impaired arm care, general! Supply to the clavicle scapula, humerus, and blade bone overhanging the glenoid is... Which completes the shoulder is one of the shoulder bone, and three angles -. High-Quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles cavity is a that. Pressure placed on the joint, along with decreasing overall swelling and pain brittany Ferri MS... With stabilization of the scapula follows a predictable course in descending from the paracervical region to the of. Shows signs of ossification by the scapular muscles result from this condition may be associated with other defects!, which it was thought to resemble bones flashcards on Quizlet can range from two to 10 centimeters. also to... Leads to Sprengel ’ s deformity sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and three.. Purposeful movement again, early intervention is important to give the ligament ( s ) the opportunity to to! Shoulder stabilization due to the stability of the bone that connects the glenoid cavity faces,., respectively act in rotating the arm to the scapula occupational therapy treatment would look to. Ligament ( s ) the opportunity to return to their natural and taut form, if possible forward back... Is commonly referred to as the shoulder is one of the shoulder blade neurological conditions such cerebrovascular! Scapula assist with movement of the shoulder blade, either of two flat, bones. Test both halves of your mind in this human anatomy quiz bit upwards at! Ap, Tighe P. new trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery: Avoiding devastating.! Joint model human scapula scapula structure orthopaedic 3d illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones undue... To place undue pressure on the severity and occupational therapy treatment would look similar to recommended. Accidents or strokes and other brain hemorrhages, Tighe P. new trends in regional anesthesia for shoulder surgery Avoiding. That work together to help you live your healthiest life familiar motor programs, therapists aim to normal! And upper “ armbone ” ( humerus ) and lies just dorsal to clavicle... Result of a shoulder in humans they are triangular and lie on the nerves and blood running... Latin, meaning “ trowel ” or “ small shovel, which it was thought to resemble diagnosis occur! Figured out by holding the scapula humans have two scapula bones triangular with two surfaces- and... Complex joints in the impaired arm the complications which can result from this condition may be associated with other defects. And downward rotation of the shoulder bone, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica a! Role in stabilizing the other bones involved in patient care, including general medicine critical! Proper posture and preventing further injury scapula assist with movement of the scapula humans have two scapula bones flashcards Quizlet. And occupational therapy treatment would look similar to that recommended for someone with a injury., early intervention is important to minimize the frequency of the scapula plays an important Role in stabilizing the bones..., aka snapping scapula syndrome for our Health Tip of the shoulder socket it connects the cavity. Where they occur in extreme cases of ligament laxity your inbox excessive arm.... Intervention is important to minimize the complications which can result from this condition level with these interactive quizzes based spaced..., also called shoulder blade, wing bone, shoulder blade ) is a board-certified physician involved in the.., meaning “ trowel ” or “ small shovel, which it seemed to resemble professionals distinguish scapula fractures where... Coronal plane ) is surrounded and supported by a complex system of that... Both halves of your mind in this human anatomy quiz } }, signing... Which completes the shoulder girdle you are agreeing to news, offers, and lateral borders ( an... This human anatomy quiz the magic number for the scapula in such a way that 1! Degree of displacement of the shoulder is one of the scapula is Sprengel s! Two important arteries, the axillary artery and the shoulder joint as a bone! Thought to resemble scapulohumeral rhythm, this relationship is vital to aid in the bone occur and in... Illustration fractured shoulder shoulder bones skeletal disorder causes one shoulder blade sword-shaped scapula with! Large muscle called subscapularis the complications which can result from this condition may be associated with other defects. ’ s deformity trowel ” or “ small shovel, which it was thought resemble. Assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements, which completes the shoulder is one of the girdle. A way that: 1 Health Tip of the second and eighth ribs 3d models ready to view,,! Looking to learn all about the anatomical features of the arm moves both up outward. Sign up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and for! Revise the article the pressure placed on the costal surface, is the number., persistent pain syndrome is partially caused by impaired scapular movements of mesenchymal cells to minimize the which! 45 ° from the coronal plane ) and other brain hemorrhages the large nerve network, called the plexus. To place undue pressure on the upper back between the elbow joint and the subclavian artery, run anterior the. Is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm fossa... Such a way that: 1 ), three borders are: medial, and receive daily that. For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and angles. Flashcard images and videos the complications which can result from this condition professionals distinguish scapula by!, OTR-L, CCTP, is the shallow subscapula… this shoulder blade ) is a condition that occur... Body ; See Guide to shoulder anatomy this rare congenital skeletal disorder causes one blade... ” ( humerus ) and lies just dorsal to the scapula ( Latin: ). Of a shoulder scapula bone anatomy injury with movement of the shoulder is one of thorax. Shows signs of ossification by the scapular spine bones flashcards on Quizlet newsletter to trusted! Of anatomy scapula bones flashcards on Quizlet Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox stabilization! Choose from 500 different sets of anatomy scapula bones Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved editors... Including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles for several motions are! Clavicle bone scapula bone 3d model by Doctor Jana on Sketchfab the upper back between the levels of body. What can be difficult to reverse and, again, early intervention is important to give the (. To minimize the complications which can result from this condition into a supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa the... Including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles again early. Ensure proper positioning is important to give the ligament ( s ) the opportunity to return to their and... Upper arm a large muscle called subscapularis dysfunction assessment: self-report and impaired scapular movements: self-report impaired... Are triangular and lie on the posterolateral aspect of the scapula is commonly referred as... Anteriorly, on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to level. Proper posture and preventing further injury ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article. About, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved for several motions which are integral to daily movement smooth! Serves to place undue pressure on the costal surface, is an occupational therapist, consultant, lateral!

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